Alveolar capillary dysplasia presenting as pneumothorax: a case report and review of literature.
Roy PG., Patel P., Vayalakkad A., Bowker C., Lakhoo K.
Alveolar capillary dysplasia, although rare, is a universally fatal form of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. We report a case of a newborn male baby who developed respiratory distress and pneumothorax 11 h after an uncomplicated delivery. He deteriorated despite full ventilatory support and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Open lung biopsy provided a diagnosis of alveolar capillary dysplasia and decision was made to withdraw treatment.