Gastric acid secretion and gastrin release in the baboon.
Lakhoo K., Parekh D., Lawson HH., Rogers G., Van der Walt LA., Hunter S.
Significant species differences have been demonstrated in gastric physiology, a factor that limits extrapolation of animal data to man. Primate physiology is thought to be similar to that of man; however, gastric function has not been adequately documented in the primate. In the present study six baboons (body weight 25.5 +/- 1.8 kg) were trained to sit in a chair and gastric acid secretion and gastrin release was studied in conscious animals. Mean basal acid secretion was 1.3 +/- 0.1 mmol (H+)/hr. Maximum output after pentagastrin (12 micrograms/kg/hr) was 9.5 +/- 0.9 mmol (H+)/hr and 11.0 +/- 0.4 mmol (H+)/hr after histamine (40 micrograms/kg/hr). A statistically significant (by cosinor analysis) circadian rhythm was demonstrated for intragastric pH over 24 hr in fasted baboons (P less than 0.001). Mean basal serum gastrin level was 37.7 +/- 8.3 pg/ml. The integrated gastrin response after administration of a protein rich meal was 2.52 +/- 0.07 ng x min/ml and this increased to 5.17 +/- 0.18 ng x min/ml (P less than 0.05) following simultaneous administration of a meal with atropine (0.2 mg/kg) (P less than 0.05). Our results suggest that there is significant basal and stimulated acid secretion in the baboon; the amount of acid secreted is similar to that reported in man. Gastric pH demonstrated a circadian rhythm. Postprandial gastrin release was significantly enhanced by cotreatment with atropine. As the present findings are similar to those previously reported in man, the baboon may be a useful model for further studies in gastric physiology and experimental peptic ulceration.