Metastatic meningioma presenting as a malignant soft tissue tumour.
McCarthy C., Hofer M., Vlychou M., Khundkar R., Critchley P., Cudlip S., Ansorge O., Athanasou NA.
BACKGROUND: Extracranial metastasis of malignant meningioma to soft tissues is extremely rare and its clinical, radiological and pathological features are not well-characterised. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 58 year old man who presented with a mobile mass within the left trapezius muscle. The patient had previously undergone surgery for a right frontal lobe high grade anaplastic meningioma. Histology of the soft tissue lesion showed metastatic anaplastic meningioma with clumps of pleomorphic tumour cells which expressed epithelial membrane antigen, cytokeratin and P63 but were negative for other epithelial and mesenchymal markers. A PET-CT scan revealed additional metastatic lesions in the left pleura, liver and iliac bone. CONCLUSIONS: Metastatic malignant meningioma can very rarely present as a high grade pleomorphic malignant soft tissue tumour and needs to be distinguished from soft tissue sarcomas and metastatic carcinomas that express epithelial antigens.