Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Global health is the study, research, and practice of medicine focused on improving health and achieving health equity, and should be integrated into medical school curricula. InciSioN UK Collaborative set out to evaluate the extent of global health teaching activities at United Kingdom (UK) medical schools.


The Global Health Education in Medical Schools (GHEMS) Study published in 2020 was the first national assessment of global health education and curricula within UK medical schools. Medical schools were expected to have teaching events on all the global health learning outcomes published by the Global Health Learning Outcomes Working Group (GHLOWG). 

The GHEMS study affirmed that the majority of learning outcomes produced by the GHLOWG are being taught as part of timetabled teaching within the majority of UK undergraduate and graduate-entry medical courses. However, there were certain learning outcomes that were not being addressed. For instance, while all medical courses delivered teaching on the structure and function of the National Health Services (NHS), broader discussions surrounding healthcare systems and the dynamic involvement of the private and charitable sectors were neglected. Similarly, it was estimated that only over half of medical courses provided teachings on the WHO’s framework and role. Further, few medical courses included content on highly topical global health issues, such as global surgery and climate change. 

To facilitate local strengthening of global health educational opportunities, collaborators reported local results to institutional leadership to initiate discussions regarding avenues for satisfaction of the topical gaps in content identified. To equip medical students in the UK with the knowledge to operate, thrive and care for communities in our ever-globalised world, the GHEMS study report recommends that medical schools must vigilantly upgrade current curricula to reflect expert-driven recommendations for global health education. 

See Our full results: 

InciSioN UK Collaborative., Bandyopadhyay, S., Thomas, H.S. et al. Global health education in medical schools (GHEMS): a national, collaborative study of medical curricula. BMC Med Educ 20, 389 (2020).


By Soham Bandyopadhyay on behalf of InciSioN UK Collaborative

Global Surgery Stories

Children’s Surgical Course for regional hospitals in Tanzania

Professor Kokila Lakhoo reports on her latest visit to Tanzania, the first country in Africa chosen by Oxford University Global Surgery Group to host its new Children's Surgical Course.

Women as a driver to address gaps in the global surgical workforce

Isabella Busa, a medical student at the University of Oxford, shares her recently published article written with Dr Shobhana Nagraj as part of the Global Surgery Special Study Theme.

OUGSG members run OX5 for Oxford Children's Hospital

Two of our Oxford University Global Surgery Group (OUGSG) members, Professor Chris Lavy and Dr Shobhana Nagraj, completed the OX5 Run on Sunday 20 March 2022 for the Children’s Centre at the John Radcliffe Hospital.

Our experience with the 10-Group Robson classification system in Egypt to analyse its high caesarean section rate

Dr Bismeen Jadoon, a Healthcare Researcher and Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, discusses caesarean section rates in Egypt.

Authorship demographics in global surgery, 2016-2020

Dr Krithi Ravi, an Academic Foundation Doctor at the University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, shares her latest published work.

Global Scalpels: A global surgery podcast

Founded in 2020 by Riana Patel and Taylor Ottesen, the 'Global Scalpels' podcast aims to bring together a number of interesting speakers to show the work behind the scenes in global surgery and to highlight the people creating some of the most innovative projects in sectors such as technology, law, advocacy, and research.